A Levite’s Concubine Degraded
Now it came about in those days, when Athere was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite 1staying in the remote part of the hill country of Ephraim, who took a concubine for himself from Bethlehem in Judah. But his concubine played the harlot against him, and she went away from him to her father’s house in Bethlehem in Judah, and was there for a period of four months. Then her husband arose and went after her to Aspeak 1tenderly to her in order to bring her back, 2taking with him his servant and a pair of donkeys. So she brought him into her father’s house, and when the girl’s father saw him, he was glad to meet him. His father-in-law, the girl’s father, detained him; and he remained with him three days. So they ate and drank and lodged there. Now on the fourth day they got up early in the morning, and he 1prepared to go; and the girl’s father said to his son-in-law, “ASustain 2yourself with a piece of bread, and afterward you may go.” So both of them sat down and ate and drank together; and the girl’s father said to the man, “Please be willing to spend the night, and Alet your heart be merry.” Then the man arose to go, but his father-in-law urged him so that he spent the night there again. On the fifth day he arose to go early in the morning, and the girl’s father said, “Please sustain 1yourself, and wait until 2afternoon”; so both of them ate. When the man arose to go along with his concubine and servant, his father-in-law, the girl’s father, said to him, “Behold now, the day has drawn 1to a close; please spend the night. Lo, the day is 2coming to an end; spend the night here that your heart may be merry. Then tomorrow you may arise early for your journey so that you may go 3home.”
10 But the man was not willing to spend the night, so he arose and departed and came to a place opposite AJebus (that is, Jerusalem). And there were with him a pair of saddled donkeys; his concubine also was with him. 11 When they were near Jebus, the day was almost gone; and Athe servant said to his master, “Please come, and let us turn aside into this city of the Jebusites and spend the night in it.” 12 However, his master said to him, “We will not turn aside into the city of foreigners who are not of the sons of Israel; but we will go on as far as Gibeah.” 13 He said to his servant, “Come and let us approach one of these places; and we will spend the night in Gibeah or Ramah.” 14 So they passed along and went their way, and the sun set on them near Gibeah which belongs to Benjamin. 15 They turned aside there in order to enter and lodge in Gibeah. When 1they entered, 1they sat down in the open square of the city, for no one took them into his house to spend the night.
16 Then behold, an old man was coming out of the field from his work at evening. Now the man was from Athe hill country of Ephraim, and he was 1staying in Gibeah, but the men of the place Bwere Benjamites. 17 And he lifted up his eyes and saw the traveler in the open square of the city; and the old man said, “Where are you going, and where do you come from?” 18 He said to him, “We are passing from Bethlehem in Judah to the remote part of the hill country of Ephraim, for I am from there, and I went to Bethlehem in Judah. But I am now going to 1my house, and no man will take me into his house. 19 Yet there is both straw and fodder for our donkeys, and also bread and wine for me, 1your maidservant, and Athe young man who is with your servants; there is no lack of anything.” 20 The old man said, “APeace to you. Only let me take care of all your needs; however, do not spend the night in the open square.” 21  ASo he took him into his house and gave the donkeys fodder, and they washed their feet and ate and drank.
22 While they were 1celebrating, behold, Athe men of the city, certain 2Bworthless fellows, surrounded the house, pounding the door; and they spoke to the owner of the house, the old man, saying, “Bring out the man who came into your house that we may have 3relations with him.” 23 Then the man, the owner of the house, went out to them and said to them, “No, my fellows, please do not act so wickedly; since this man has come into my house, Ado not commit this act of folly. 24  AHere is my virgin daughter and his concubine. Please let me bring them out that you may ravish them and do to them 1whatever you wish. But do not commit such an act of folly against this man.” 25 But the men would not listen to him. So the man seized his concubine and brought her out to them; and they raped her and abused her all night until morning, then let her go at the approach of dawn. 26  1As the day began to dawn, the woman came and fell down at the doorway of the man’s house where her master was, until full daylight.
27 When her master arose in the morning and opened the doors of the house and went out to go on his way, then behold, his concubine was lying at the doorway of the house with her hands on the threshold. 28 He said to her, “Get up and let us go,” Abut there was no answer. Then he placed her on the donkey; and the man arose and went to his 1home. 29 When he entered his house, he took a knife and laid hold of his concubine and Acut her in twelve pieces, limb by limb, and sent her throughout the territory of Israel. 30  All who saw it said, “Nothing like this has ever happened or been seen from the day when the sons of Israel came up from the land of Egypt to this day. Consider it, Atake counsel and speak up!”
A 19:1 Judg 18:1 1 19:1 Or sojourning A 19:3 Gen 34:3; 50:21 1 19:3 Lit to her heart 2 19:3 Lit and 1 19:5 Lit arose A 19:5 Gen 18:5; Judg 19:8 2 19:5 Lit your heart A 19:6 Judg 16:25; 19:9, 22; Ruth 3:7; 1 Kin 21:7; Esth 1:10 1 19:8 Lit your heart 2 19:8 Lit the day declines 1 19:9 Lit toward evening 2 19:9 Lit declining 3 19:9 Lit to your tent A 19:10 1 Chr 11:4, 5 A 19:11 Judg 19:19 1 19:15 So with Gr; M.T. he 1 19:15 So with Gr; M.T. he A 19:16 Judg 19:1 1 19:16 Or sojourning B 19:16 Judg 19:14 1 19:18 Heb the house of the Lord, cf v 29 1 19:19 I.e. my concubine A 19:19 Judg 19:11 A 19:20 Gen 43:23; Judg 6:23 A 19:21 Gen 24:32, 33 1 19:22 Lit making their hearts merry A 19:22 Gen 19:4, 5; Ezek 16:46-48 2 19:22 Lit sons of Belial B 19:22 Deut 13:13; 1 Sam 2:12; 1 Kin 21:10; 2 Cor 6:15 3 19:22 Lit intercourse A 19:23 Gen 34:7; Deut 22:21; Judg 20:6; 2 Sam 13:12 A 19:24 Gen 19:8 1 19:24 Lit the good in your eyes 1 19:26 Lit At the turning of the morning A 19:28 Judg 20:5 1 19:28 Lit place A 19:29 1 Sam 11:7 A 19:30 Judg 20:7; Prov 13:10